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map of Vietnam

 

 

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Country name:

conventional long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
conventional short form: Vietnam
local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam
local short form: Viet Nam
abbreviation: SRV

 

Capital:

Hanoi. Population: 6.2 million (2007).
 

 

Location:

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

 

Area:

331,689 sq km (128,066 sq miles).

 

Description:
Vietnam lies within the tropics and is principally agricultural with a central tropical rainforest. The ��?S'-shaped country shares borders to the north with the People's Republic of China and to the west with Laos and Cambodia. The eastern and southern shores are lapped by the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
Northern Vietnam is dominated by the Red River plains that bisect Hanoi, and the Lo and Chay rivers. To the north and west of Hanoi are green hilly areas; particularly well known is the Sapa Valley. East of Hanoi, Ha Long Bay features a stunning natural formation of more than 3,000 limestone islands jutting sharply out of the South China Sea.
To the south, it is the Mekong River and its fertile plain that governs the geography and consequently the rice industry. Among the plains, in the middle of the thin country and to the southwest are mountainous areas, known as the highlands, where farmers grow rubber, tea and coffee.
 

 

Population:

86.9 million (2009).
 

language:

Vietnamese is the official language. English, French, Chinese and occasionally Russian and German are spoken.

Climate:

Because of its geography, the climate in Vietnam varies greatly from north to south. Tropical monsoons occur from October to April in the north and south and from May to September in the centre, this is when most of the country's rain falls. It is almost totally dry throughout the rest of the year. It can get exceptionally hot, however, all year round, but the north has a cooler time between October and April. It is best to travel between the shifting of seasons. Temperatures around the country often reach 40C in the height of the hot and rainy season (May to September), but the northern highlands and Hanoi can often seem chilly in the winter.

Economy - overview:

The economy of Vietnam was devastated by 30 years of war up to 1975, after which policy errors and a USA-enforced trade boycott combined to stifle development. Since the government's economic liberation policy, known as doi moi and the end of the boycott in 1994, and the introduction of liberalising and deregulating measures by the government, the Vietnamese economy has undergone significant growth of around 8% to 9% annually. Membership of the WTO in January 2007, further reformed the reform process which saw exports to the US rise 900% between 2001 to 2007.

Economy:

The economy of Vietnam was devastated by 30 years of war up to 1975, after which policy errors and a USA-enforced trade boycott combined to stifle development. Since the government's economic liberation policy, known as doi moi and the end of the boycott in 1994, and the introduction of liberalising and deregulating measures by the government, the Vietnamese economy has undergone significant growth of around 8% to 9% annually. Membership of the WTO in January 2007, further reformed the reform process which saw exports to the US rise 900% between 2001 to 2007.
 

 

Industries:

food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper

 

Exports:
Crude oil, clothing and footwear, rice, rubber, tea and coffee.

Imports:
Machinery and equipment, refined petroleum, steel, cotton and grain.
Main trade partners: USA, Japan, Australia, China and Singapore.

Exchange rates:
D?�ng (VND; symbol ₫). Notes are in denominations of ₫500,000, 200,000, 100,000, 50,000, 20,000, 10,000, 5,000, 2,000, 1,000, 500 and 200. Coins are in denominations of ₫5,000, 2,000, 1,000 and 500.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/303/money/South-East-Asia/Vietnam.html


GDP :
US$241.8 billion (2008).

 

 

 

Useful links:

  • Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce

  1. http://www.vietnamtourism.gov.vn

  2. http://www.dulichvn.org.vn

  3. http://www.vietnamtourism-info.com

  4. http://www.vietnam-tourism.com

 

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002