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map of Turkey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persian  English

 

 

Location:

 

southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

 

Capital :
Ankara. Population: 3.9 million (2007 estimate).
 

Area

783,562 sq km (302,535 sq miles).

 

Description:
Turkey borders the Black Sea and Georgia and Armenia to the northeast, Iran to the east, Iraq to the southeast, the Syrian Arab Republic and the Mediterranean to the south, the Aegean Sea to the west and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. Asia Minor (or Anatolia) accounts for 97% of the country's area and forms a long, wide peninsula 1,650km (1,025 miles) from east to west and 650km (400 miles) from north to south. Two east-west mountain ranges, the Black Sea Mountains in the north and the Taurus in the south, enclose the central Anatolian plateau, but converge in a vast mountainous region in the far east of the country. It is here that the ancient Tigris and Euphrates rivers rise.
 

Population

70.6 million (2008 estimate).

 

language:

Turkish. Kurdish is also spoken by a minority in the southeast. French, German and English are widely spoken in major cities and tourist areas.

Climate:

Temperatures in Ankara vary between -4?�C (25??F) and 30?�C (86??F). Marmara and the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild, wet winters. The east of the country is mountainous with warm summers and very cold, snowy winters. The southeast has very hot summers and cold winters. The Black Sea coast is the wettest part of the country, especially in the northeast

Economy - overview:

The agricultural sector, previously of great economic importance, now accounts for only 8.9% of the GDP. It remains a major employer however, and Turkey is self-sufficient in basic foodstuffs like maize, sugar, wheat and barley.

Manufacturing and services are the most important and fastest growing sectors, with banking and the construction industry enjoying major growth in recent years. The services sector makes the greatest overall contribution to the country's economy, accounting for 59.3% of Turkey's GDP. The country's tourist industry is also of primary importance: in 2007, over 27 million tourists visited Turkey, raising US$18.5 billion in revenue.

Underlying structural problems coupled with years of mismanagement and world events brought the Turkish economy to its knees in 2001. In the face of this crisis, the government introduced an International Monetary Fund-backed austerity program that succeeded in cutting inflation from 70% to its current level of 6%. Unemployment was at 9.7% in 2007. The economy was expected to grow by 5.4% and despite a major current account deficit, investor confidence is high, with foreign direct investment attracting nearly US$22 billion in 2007.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/284/business/Europe/Turkey.html

Economy:

The agricultural sector, previously of great economic importance, now accounts for only 8.9% of the GDP. It remains a major employer however, and Turkey is self-sufficient in basic foodstuffs like maize, sugar, wheat and barley.

Manufacturing and services are the most important and fastest growing sectors, with banking and the construction industry enjoying major growth in recent years. The services sector makes the greatest overall contribution to the country's economy, accounting for 59.3% of Turkey's GDP. The country's tourist industry is also of primary importance: in 2007, over 27 million tourists visited Turkey, raising US$18.5 billion in revenue.

Underlying structural problems coupled with years of mismanagement and world events brought the Turkish economy to its knees in 2001. In the face of this crisis, the government introduced an International Monetary Fund-backed austerity program that succeeded in cutting inflation from 70% to its current level of 6%. Unemployment was at 9.7% in 2007. The economy was expected to grow by 5.4% and despite a major current account deficit, investor confidence is high, with foreign direct investment attracting nearly US$22 billion in 2007.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/284/business/Europe/Turkey.html

 

Industries

textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper

 

Exports:
Clothing and textiles, manufactured goods, transport equipment and food.

Imports:
Machinery, appliances and parts, mineral fuels and oil, road vehicles and iron and steel products.

Main trade partners: Germany, UK, Italy, Russia and China.

Exchange rates:
New Turkish Lira (TRY; symbol YTL) = 100 New Kurus (Ykr). Notes are in denominations of YTL200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1. Coins are in denominations of YTL1 and 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 New Kurus.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/284/money/Europe/Turkey.html


GDP :
US$482 billion (2007).
 

 

Useful links:

 

 

The Grand National Assembly of Turkey
http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/

 

Prime Ministry
http://www.basbakanlik.gov.tr/

 

Office of The President
http://www.cankaya.gov.tr/

 

Ministries

 

Ministry of Justice
http://www.adalet.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Interior
http://www.icisleri.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Finance
http://www.maliye.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Public Works and Housing
http://www.bayindirlik.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Transportation
http://www.mt.gov.tr/eubak/eubak-ana-sayfa

 

Ministry of Labor and Social Security
http://www.calisma.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
http://www.enerji.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Environment and Forestry

http://www.cevreorman.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of National Defense
http://www.msb.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
http://www.mfa.gov.tr/

 

 

Ministry of National Education
http://www.meb.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Health
http://www.saglik.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
http://www.tarim.gov.tr/

 

Ministry of Industry and Trade
http://www.sanayi.gov.tr/

 

 

Ministry of Culture and Tourism

http://www.kulturturizm.gov.tr

 

 

Public Offices

 

Central Bank
http://www.turkishembassy.org

http:/www.tcmb.gov.tr

 

Customs
http://www.gumruk.gov.tr/

 

Turkish Standards Institute
http://www.tse.org.tr/

 

Capital Market Board
http://www.spk.gov.tr/

 

Competition Authority
http://www.rekabet.gov.tr/

 

State Planning Organization
http://www.dpt.gov.tr/

 

Foreign Trade
http://www.foreigntrade.gov.tr/

 

State Institute of Statistics
http://www.die.gov.tr/

 

Patent Institute
http://www.turkpatent.gov.tr/

 

Istanbul Stock Exchange
http://www.imkb.gov.tr/

 

Privatization Administration
http://www.oib.gov.tr/

 

Universities
http://www.yok.gov.tr/univbil/oku22.html

 

Istanbul Trade Fairs

 

Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce

 

ANKARA CHAMBER OF INDUSTRY (ASO)

550,000 companies in 35 European countries

IZMIR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (IZTO)

Association of Insurance and Reinsurance Companies of Turkey

Export Promotion Center

Aegean Young Businessmen's Association

Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association

Union of Chambers of Commerce

Association for Foreign Capital Coordination

Imported Vehicles Turkey Representatives'Association

Automotive Industry Association

Auto Parts Association

Turkish Contractors Association/The Union of International

 

 

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002