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Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Tajikistan
conventional short form: Tajikistan
local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston
local short form: Tojikiston
former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

 

Capital:

Dushanbe.

 

Population: 6.95 million

 

Location:

Central Asia, west of China

 

Area:

143,100 sq km (55,251 sq miles).
 

Description:
Tajikistan is bordered by Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north, Afghanistan to the south and China (PR) to the east. 93% of the republic is occupied by mountains, most notably by the sparsely populated Pamir Mountains, which include Mount Garmo (formerly Pik Kommunizma; 7,495m/24,590ft), the highest point of the former Soviet Union. The mountainous terrain means that in winter it is impossible to reach the east or the north of the country by road without taking a detour through Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. In the fertile plains of the southwest, cotton dominates the agriculture. In the north, in the Khudzand (formerly Leninabad) region, cotton and silk are the main crops.
 

Population:

6.3 million (UN estimate 2005).
 

Languages:

Tajik is the official language, an ancient Persian language similar to the languages of Iran and Afghanistan.
 

 

Climate:
In Dushanbe, temperatures vary between a minimum -13?�C (8?�F) in December/January to a maximum 33?�C (91?�F) in July/August. Humidity is generally low. In the mountains, it can reach -45?�C (-49?�F) when the wind chill factor is taken into consideration, and rise to 20?�C (68?�F) in summer. In the Pamir Mountains, the climate is semi-arid to polar

Economy - overview:
Tajikistan is the poorest of the five former Soviet Central Asian republics, with an estimated four-fifths of the population living below the poverty line. Basic services and infrastructure are poor to non-existent.

Although less than 10% of the country's land can be cultivated, Tajikistan has a sizeable agricultural sector accounting for one-quarter of GDP and employing half the workforce. Large quantities of cotton are produced under ecologically ruinous schemes established during the Soviet era. Grain, fruit and vegetables are also grown.

Economy:
Tajikistan is the poorest of the five former Soviet Central Asian republics, with an estimated four-fifths of the population living below the poverty line. Basic services and infrastructure are poor to non-existent.
Although less than 10% of the country's land can be cultivated, Tajikistan has a sizeable agricultural sector accounting for one-quarter of GDP and employing half the workforce. Large quantities of cotton are produced under ecologically ruinous schemes established during the Soviet era. Grain, fruit and vegetables are also grown.
 

 

Industries:

aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers

 

Exports:
Aluminium, electricity, cotton, gold, fruits, vegetable oil and textiles.

Imports:
Electricity, petroleum products, aluminium oxide, machinery and equipment, and food.

Main trade partners: Russian Federation, China (PR), Turkey and EU.

Exchange rates:
Tajik Somoni (TJS) = 100 diram. Notes are in denominations of TJS100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1, and 50, 20, 5 and 1 diram.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/274/money/Central-Asia/Tajikistan.html


GDP :
US$2.3 billion (2005).
 

 

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  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002