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Country name:

conventional long form: Syrian Arab Republic
conventional short form: Syria
local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Arabiyah as Suriyah
local short form: Suriyah
former: United Arab Republic (with Egypt)

 

Capital:

Damascus. Population: 3.5 million (official estimate 2003).
 

 

Location:

Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey

 

Area:

185,180 sq km (71,498 sq miles).
 

Description:
The country can be divided geographically into four main areas: the fertile plain in the northeast, the plateau, coastal and mountain areas in the west, the central plains, and the desert and steppe region in the central and southeastern areas.
 

 

Population:

18.6 million (UN estimate 2005).

 

map of Syria.

 

Languages:

Arabic, French and English.

 

 

Climate:
The Syrian Arab Republic’s climate is characterised by hot, dry summers and fairly cold winters. Nights are often cool.

Economy - overview:
The main components of the Syrian economy are agriculture and oil. In the agricultural sector, cotton is the principal commodity and a key export. Wheat, barley, fruit and vegetables are the other main products, the bulk of which are grown for domestic consumption.
 

Economy:
The main components of the Syrian economy are agriculture and oil. In the agricultural sector, cotton is the principal commodity and a key export. Wheat, barley, fruit and vegetables are the other main products, the bulk of which are grown for domestic consumption.
 

Industries:

petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining

 

Exports:
Petroleum, textiles, phosphates, antiques, fruit and vegetables, and cotton.

Imports:
Food, metal and metal products, machinery, textiles and petroleum.

• Main trade partners: Germany, Italy, France, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia.

Exchange rates:
Syrian Pound (SYP; symbol S?�) = 100 piastres. Notes are in denominations of S?�1,000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1. Coins are in denominations of S?�25, 10, 5, 2 and 1.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/271/money/Middle-East/Syrian-Arab-Republic.html


GDP :
US$26.3 billion (2005).
 

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  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002