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map of Somalia.

   فارسی  / English

 

 

 

 

 

Country name:

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Somalia
former: Somali Republic, Somali Democratic Republic

 

Capital:

Mogadishu. Population: 2.3 million (2007).

 

Location:

Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia

 

Area:

637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles).
 

Description:
Somalia is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Aden, to the south and west by Kenya, to the west by Ethiopia and to the northwest by Djibouti. To the east lies the Indian Ocean.
Somalia is a semi-arid country and the scenery includes mountains in the north, flat semi-desert plains in the interior and a subtropical region in the south. Separated from the sea by a narrow coastal plain, the mountains slope south and west to the central, almost waterless plateau which makes up most of the country. The beaches are protected by a coral reef that runs from Mogadishu to the Kenyan border in the south.

Population:

9.1 million (2007).
 

Languages:

Somali and Arabic are the official languages. Swahili is spoken, particularly in the south. English and Italian are also widely spoken.

 

Climate:

The Jilal starts around January and is the harshest period, hot and very dry. Gu is the first rainy season lasting from March to June. Hagaa, during August, is a time of dry monsoon winds and dust clouds. The second rainy season is from September to December and is called Dayr.

Economy - overview:

Somalia's economy has been seriously dislocated by years of fighting and political strife, as well as a severe long-term drought which has affected the whole of East Africa. Somalia now ranks among the poorest countries in the world.

Subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing occupy most of the working population, although development is hampered by primitive techniques, poor soil and climatic conditions, and a chronic labour shortage. Bananas are the main cash crop and provide nearly half the country's export earnings; cotton, maize, sorghum and other crops are produced for domestic consumption. Animal products, particularly hides and skins, are another key source of revenue, mainly from Saudi Arabia.

Fishing has dwindled to the level of individual small boats, but there are provisional plans to restore this to full commercial capacity. Oil and gas deposits have been located but their exploitation has been in abeyance due to the lack of an effective central government. There is little industry other than small-scale operations to meet domestic needs, mainly food-processing and oil refining.

Economy:

Somalia's economy has been seriously dislocated by years of fighting and political strife, as well as a severe long-term drought which has affected the whole of East Africa. Somalia now ranks among the poorest countries in the world.

Subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing occupy most of the working population, although development is hampered by primitive techniques, poor soil and climatic conditions, and a chronic labour shortage. Bananas are the main cash crop and provide nearly half the country's export earnings; cotton, maize, sorghum and other crops are produced for domestic consumption. Animal products, particularly hides and skins, are another key source of revenue, mainly from Saudi Arabia.

Fishing has dwindled to the level of individual small boats, but there are provisional plans to restore this to full commercial capacity. Oil and gas deposits have been located but their exploitation has been in abeyance due to the lack of an effective central government. There is little industry other than small-scale operations to meet domestic needs, mainly food-processing and oil refining.
 

Industries:

a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, petroleum refining (mostly shut down), wireless communication

 

Exports:
Livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal and scrap metal.

Imports:
Food grains, animal and vegetable oils, petroleum products, construction materials and manufactured products.

Main trade partners: Yemen and United Arab Emirates.

Exchange rates:
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/254/climate/Africa/Somalia.html


GDP :
US$5.38 billion (2007).
 

Useful links:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002