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Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Niger
conventional short form: Niger
local long form: Republique du Niger
local short form: Niger

 

 

Capital:

Niamey. Population: 890,000
 

 

 

 

Location:

Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

map of Niger

 

Area:

1,267,000 sq km (489,191 sq miles).
 

Description:
Niger has borders with Libya and Algeria to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, and Mali and Burkina Faso to the west. The capital, Niamey, stands on the north bank of the Niger River and has long been a major trading centre on this important navigable waterway. The river meanders for 500km (300 miles) through the southwestern corner of the country.
To the east is a band of semi-arid bush country along the border with Nigeria, shrinking by 20km (12 miles) every year as over-grazing claims more land for the T?�n?�r?� Desert, which already occupies over half of Niger. This desert is divided by a range of low mountains, A?�r ou Azbine, in the eastern foothills of which lies the city of Agadez. Surrounded by green valleys and hot springs amid semi-desert, this regional capital is still a major terminus for Saharan caravans. The desert to the west of the mountains is a stony plain hosting seasonal pastures; to the north and west are mostly vast expanses of sand. There is arable land beside Lake Chad in the extreme southeastern corner of the country.
The Hausa people live along the border with Nigeria and most are farmers. The Songhai and Djerma people live in the Niger valley and exist by farming and fishing. The nomadic Fulani have spread all over the Sahel. The robed and veiled Tuaregs once dominated the southern cities; the few who remain are camel herders and caravanners on the Saharan routes. The Manga (or Kanun) live near Lake Chad and are well known for their colourful ceremonies in which pipes and drums accompany slow, stately dancing.
 

 

Population:

12.9 million (UN estimate 2005).
 

 

language:
The official languages are French and Arabic. Also spoken are Hausa (by half of the population), Djerma, Fulani, Manga, Zarma and Tuareg dialects.
 

Economy - overview:
Niger is one of the world's poorest countries. Around 90% of the population is employed in agriculture, although less than 5% of the land is cultivated. This situation is exacerbated by the ever-expanding Saharan desert, drought and locust plagues.
Less than one-tenth of the crops grown are cash crops, the rest being for domestic consumption. The nomadic population rears livestock. Niger's most valuable commodity is uranium. Gypsum, coal and tin ore are also extracted and oil deposits may exist.
In 2005, the IMF approved 100% relief of Niger's US$86 million debt burden. Inflation was at 7.8% in 2005, and annual growth at 3.5% in 2006.
Membership of the CFA Franc Zone affords some monetary stability. Niger is a member of West African trading bloc, ECOWAS.

Economy:
Niger is one of the world's poorest countries. Around 90% of the population is employed in agriculture, although less than 5% of the land is cultivated. This situation is exacerbated by the ever-expanding Saharan desert, drought and locust plagues.
Less than one-tenth of the crops grown are cash crops, the rest being for domestic consumption. The nomadic population rears livestock. Niger's most valuable commodity is uranium. Gypsum, coal and tin ore are also extracted and oil deposits may exist.
In 2005, the IMF approved 100% relief of Niger's US$86 million debt burden. Inflation was at 7.8% in 2005, and annual growth at 3.5% in 2006.
Membership of the CFA Franc Zone affords some monetary stability. Niger is a member of West African trading bloc, ECOWAS.
 

 

Industries:

uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses

 

Exports:
Uranium, livestock, cowpeas and onions.
Main trade partners: France, Nigeria, Russia, USA and China.

Imports:
Foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles, petroleum and consumer goods.

Exchange rates:
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/199/business/Africa/Niger.html


GDP :
US$3.6 million (2006 estimate).
 

 

Useful links:

  • Ministries & Organization
  • Minist貥 de la Privatisation et de la Restructuration des Entreprises
    B.P.: 602
    Immeuble Sonibank, 3i譥 鴡ge
    Niamey, Niger
    T鬮: (227) 73.73.51
    Fax.: (227) 73.73.50 
    http://www.nigerprivatisation.com/

     

 

 

 

  • Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce
  • CCAIN - Chambre de Commerce, d'Agriculture, d'Industrie et d'Artisanat
    t鬠: 73 22 10 / 73 51 55 / 73 35 63
    fax : 73 46 68
    BP 209 - Niamey
    cham209@intnet.ne
    http://www.ccaian.org/
 

 

 

 

 

  • Trade Fairs

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002