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Country name:

conventional long form: Kingdom of Lesotho
conventional short form: Lesotho
former: Basutoland

 

Capital:

Maseru. Population: 170,000 (UN estimate 2003).
 

 

Location:

Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa

 

Area:

30,355 sq km (11,720 sq miles).
 

Description:

Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded on all sides by South Africa. It is a mountainous kingdom situated at the highest part of the Drakensberg escarpment on the eastern rim of the South African plateau. Its mountainous terrain is cut by countless valleys and ravines, making it a country of great beauty. To the west, the land descends through a foothill zone of rolling hills to a lowland belt along the border where two-thirds of the population live. Three large rivers, the Caledon, the Orange and the Tugela, rise in the mountains.
 

Population:

2.1 million ( estimate 2007).
 

 

Languages:

Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

 

Economy - overview:

The earnings of the estimated 150,000 Lesotho nationals working in South Africa account for a substantial proportion of the country's income. Inside the country, 40% of the workforce is engaged in agriculture.
Lesotho's vulnerability to drought means that over half the country's food must be imported from South Africa.
There are reserves of ores and minerals, including diamonds and uranium, but little exploitation has taken place.
Lesotho's government has historically relied on foreign aid, particularly for infrastructure programmes, the most important of recent years being the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. This aims to deliver water to South Africa and provide 60% of Lesotho's electricity supply.

Economy:

The earnings of the estimated 150,000 Lesotho nationals working in South Africa account for a substantial proportion of the country's income. Inside the country, 40% of the workforce is engaged in agriculture.
Lesotho's vulnerability to drought means that over half the country's food must be imported from South Africa.
There are reserves of ores and minerals, including diamonds and uranium, but little exploitation has taken place.
Lesotho's government has historically relied on foreign aid, particularly for infrastructure programmes, the most important of recent years being the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. This aims to deliver water to South Africa and provide 60% of Lesotho's electricity supply.
 

Industries:

food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts; construction; tourism

 

Exports:
Clothing, furniture, wool and mohair, footwear and road vehicles

Imports:
Food, building materials, vehicles, machinery and medicines.
Main trade partners: USA, Hong Kong, China, Belgium and Germany.

Exchange rates:

http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/146/

business/Africa/Lesotho.html



GDP :

US$1.4 billion (2006).
 

 

Map of Lesotho

 

حكومت : پادشاهی  
مساحت :30/345 كیلومترمربع     
جمعیت :   2.1  میلیون نفر     
رشد سالانه جمعیت : 2.7 درصد   

پایتخت : ماسرو           
زبان   : سوتو- انگلیسی 
دین : مسیحی 
واحد پول : لوتی

 

نام قدیم این كشور باسوتولند بوده و كاملاً توسط كشور    آفریقای جنوبی احاطه شده است. این كشور كوهستانی است.  مرتفع ترین كوههای جنوب آفریقا به نام تاباناتله نیانا با  ارتفاع 3482 متر در شرق اكنزبرگ واقع شده اند. كشاورزی این كشور محدود به كوهپایه ها و زمینهای پست داخلی است. پرورش گاو گوسفند و بز رایج بوده، و ذرت  - گندم جو و سبزیجات، از محصولات مهم كشاورزی  لسوتو می باشد.

 

Useful links:

 

  • Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce
  • Trade Fairs

اطلاعات بازرگانی سایر کشورها

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002