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Country name:

conventional long form: Kyrgyz Republic
conventional short form: Kyrgyzstan
local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
local short form: none
former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic

 

Capital:

Bishkek (called Frunze from 1926 to 1991). Population: 824,900 (2008).
 

 

Location:

Central Asia, west of China

 

Area:

199,900 sq km (77,182 sq miles).
 

Description:

The landlocked nation of Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. The majestic Tien Shan (Heavenly Mountains) range occupies the greater part of the area and it, along with other valleys, makes up the whole country. The highest peak in Kyrgyzstan is Pik Pobedy at 7,439m (24,406ft) and the lowest point is Kara-Daryya at 132m (433ft). The differences in climate are equally extreme, ranging from dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan, from subtropical in the southwest to temperate in the northern foothill zone.
 

 

Population:

5.4 million (2008).
 

 

Languages:

 The official language is Kyrgyz, a Turkic language closely related to Uzbek, Kazakh, Turkmen and Turkish. Any attempt by a foreigner to speak Kyrgyz will be greatly appreciated. In deference to the large Russian population of Kyrgyzstan, Russian is also protected under law. In 1993, the government undertook to replace the Russian Cyrillic Alphabet with the Turkish version of the Roman alphabet. Meanwhile, most people can speak Russian, and do so, especially in the north. English is widely spoken by those involved in tourism. Uzbek, Kazakh, Tajik and various other regional languages and dialects are also spoken.

 

Economy - overview:

Kyrgyzstan is one of poorest countries of the former Soviet Union. Although its economy is largely based in agriculture, the country does have a number of natural resources. After gaining independence, Kyrgyzstan undertook a number of regulatory reforms and was the first country from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) to be accepted into the World Trade Organisation. This was after a predictable drop in production following independence. Kyrgyzstan became part of the heavily indebted poor countries initiative (HIPC) in 2006. Although the country's economy grew by 6% in 2007-08 there is likely to be a drop in 2009 due to the financial crisis.

Economy:

Kyrgyzstan is one of poorest countries of the former Soviet Union. Although its economy is largely based in agriculture, the country does have a number of natural resources. After gaining independence, Kyrgyzstan undertook a number of regulatory reforms and was the first country from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) to be accepted into the World Trade Organisation. This was after a predictable drop in production following independence. Kyrgyzstan became part of the heavily indebted poor countries initiative (HIPC) in 2006. Although the country's economy grew by 6% in 2007-08 there is likely to be a drop in 2009 due to the financial crisis.

Industries:

small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals

 

Exports:

Cotton, wool, meat, tobacco, gold, mercury, uranium, hydropower, machinery and shoes.

Imports:

Oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals and food. Main trade partners: Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Switzerland.



GDP :

US$5 billion (2008).
 

 

 

 

Useful links:

 

 

  • Trade Fairs

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002