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Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of India
conventional short form: India

 

Capital:

New Delhi. Population: 16.6 million (estimate 2007).
 

 

Location:

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

 

Area:

3,166,414 sq km (1,222,582 sq miles).

 

Population:

1.1 billion (estimate 2007).

Map of India

Description:

India shares borders to the northwest with Pakistan, to the north with China, Nepal and Bhutan, and to the east with Bangladesh and Myanmar. To the west lies the Arabian Sea, to the east the Bay of Bengal and to the south the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka lies off the southeast coast, and the Maldives off the southwest coast. The far northeastern states and territories are all but separated from the rest of India by Bangladesh as it extends northwards from the Bay of Bengal towards Bhutan. The Himalayan mountain range to the north and the Indus River (west) and Ganges River (east) form a physical barrier between India and the rest of Asia.


language:

The main language is Hindi which is spoken by about 40% of the population; English is also enshrined in the constitution for a wide range of official purposes. In addition, 17 regional languages are recognised by the constitution. These include Bengali, Gujarati, Oriya and Punjabi, which are widely used in the north, and Tamil and Telugu, which are common in the south. Other regional languages include Kannada, Malayalam and Marathi. The Muslim population largely speaks Urdu.

Climate:

The weather is hot most of the year with variations from region to region. The coolest weather lasts from around December to February, with fresh mornings and evenings and mostly sunny days. The really hot weather, when it is dry, dusty and unpleasant, is between March and June. Monsoon rains occur in most regions in summer anywhere between June and early October.

 

Economy - overview:

Advanced technology initiatives, such as digital communications and space research, contrast with the poverty that persists, particularly in rural areas. Roughly three-fifths of the population is involved in agriculture, both subsistence (mainly cereals) and cash crops, including rice, tea, rubber, coffee, cotton. India's energy requirements are met by oil, most of which is imported despite the growth of indigenous production, and hydroelectric schemes. Mining produces iron ore and cut diamonds for export. India's main industrial development has been in engineering, iron and steel, chemicals, electronics and textiles. Since the 1990s, trade has been liberalised, the sprawling public sector cut back, and some state-owned industries sold off. India ranks among the top ten in the world by gross national product. The economy has resumed its healthy growth rate, currently at around 8.5% per annum, while inflation is at 5.9%. The unemployment rate hovers around 7.2%. Further improvements to the national infrastructure and basic services are now seen as the priority for central and regional governments.

Economy:

Advanced technology initiatives, such as digital communications and space research, contrast with the poverty that persists, particularly in rural areas. Roughly three-fifths of the population is involved in agriculture, both subsistence (mainly cereals) and cash crops, including rice, tea, rubber, coffee, cotton. India's energy requirements are met by oil, most of which is imported despite the growth of indigenous production, and hydroelectric schemes. Mining produces iron ore and cut diamonds for export. India's main industrial development has been in engineering, iron and steel, chemicals, electronics and textiles. Since the 1990s, trade has been liberalised, the sprawling public sector cut back, and some state-owned industries sold off. India ranks among the top ten in the world by gross national product. The economy has resumed its healthy growth rate, currently at around 8.5% per annum, while inflation is at 5.9%. The unemployment rate hovers around 7.2%. Further improvements to the national infrastructure and basic services are now seen as the priority for central and regional governments.
 

 

Industries:

textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software

 

Exports:

Textiles, gems and jewellery, engineering goods, chemicals and leather manufactured goods.

Imports:

Crude oil, machinery, gems, fertiliser and chemicals. • Main trade partners: USA, United Arab Emirates, China and UK.

Exchange rates:

Rupee (INR; symbol Rs) = 100 paise. Notes are in denominations of Rs1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20 and 10. Coins are in denominations of Rs5, 2 and 1, and 50, 25, 20, 10 and 5 paise. http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/120/money/Indian-Subcontinent/India.html

Daily Exchange Rates

GDP :

US$1.1 trillion (2007 estimate).

 

 

Useful links:

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002