Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of
Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830.
In referendums held in 1967 and 2002, Gibraltarians ignored Spanish
pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.
6.5 sq km
27,833 (July 2004 est.)
English (used in schools and for
official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Gibraltar benefits from an
extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an
international conference center
tourism, banking and finance,
ship repairing, tobacco
re exports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
fuels, manufactured goods, and
Gibraltar pound (GIP)
Government of Gibraltar
nature and wildlife, history and politics, port of call, and local
information services. From the National Tourist Board.