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Country name:

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Georgia
local long form: none
local short form: Sak'art'velo
former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

 

Capital:

Tbilisi. Population: 1.5 million

 

Location:

Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

 

Area:

69,700 sq km (26,911 sq miles).
 

Description:
Georgia is a mountainous country bordered by the Russian Federation in the north, Turkey in the southeast, Armenia in the south, Azerbaijan in the east and by the Black Sea in the west, which forms a 330km- (206-mile-) long coastline. It includes the two autonomous republics Abkhazia and Ajaria. The state is crossed by the ranges of the Greater Caucasus (highest peak: Mt Kazbek, 5,047m/16,554ft). Enclosed high valleys, wide basins, health spas with famous mineral waters, caves and waterfalls combine in this land of varied landscapes and striking beauty.
 

 

Population:

5 million (UN estimate 2005).
 

 

Languages:

he official language is Georgian, the only language in the Ibera Caucasian family written in ancient script, with its own unique alphabet. Russian, Armenian, Azeri, Ossetian and Abkhazian are also spoken.
 

Economy - overview:

Georgia has experienced considerable economic difficulties during the last decade and is one of the poorest of the former Soviet republics. Disruption of the centrally organised Soviet trade and supply networks, plus civil war and political instability produced hyper-inflation and a slump in production.
Major structural reforms, centring on the transfer of almost all small-scale enterprises to private ownership and a parallel reduction in the economic role of the state, were instituted. The measures have since contributed to strong annual growth for most of the post-Soviet period (9.3% in 2005) and a manageable rate of inflation. Unemployment, however, remains high, as does widespread poverty.
The agricultural sector, which accounts for about one-third of total output, produces fruit, tobacco, grain and sugar beet; sheep and goats are widely farmed. There is some heavy industry, notably shipbuilding, but most of Georgia’s industry is light and engaged in food processing and production of fertiliser. Coal and manganese are mined in commercial quantities.
The government aims to establish the main ports of Poti and Batumi as regional transport and re-export hubs, which will also be able to handle oil refining and transhipment. (Part of this plan involves the laying of a set of pipelines running east-west across the entire country, linking the oil and gas fields of central Asia to the Turkish Mediterranean port of Ceyhan).
Further reforms, including the privatisation of major industries such as energy, are planned but the government has so far moved cautiously.
In 1992, Georgia joined the IMF, which has been centrally involved in the economic reform programme, the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development as a ‘Country of Operation’. It has also acquired membership of the World Trade Organization.

Economy:

Georgia has experienced considerable economic difficulties during the last decade and is one of the poorest of the former Soviet republics. Disruption of the centrally organised Soviet trade and supply networks, plus civil war and political instability produced hyper-inflation and a slump in production.
Major structural reforms, centring on the transfer of almost all small-scale enterprises to private ownership and a parallel reduction in the economic role of the state, were instituted. The measures have since contributed to strong annual growth for most of the post-Soviet period (9.3% in 2005) and a manageable rate of inflation. Unemployment, however, remains high, as does widespread poverty.
The agricultural sector, which accounts for about one-third of total output, produces fruit, tobacco, grain and sugar beet; sheep and goats are widely farmed. There is some heavy industry, notably shipbuilding, but most of Georgia’s industry is light and engaged in food processing and production of fertiliser. Coal and manganese are mined in commercial quantities.
The government aims to establish the main ports of Poti and Batumi as regional transport and re-export hubs, which will also be able to handle oil refining and transhipment. (Part of this plan involves the laying of a set of pipelines running east-west across the entire country, linking the oil and gas fields of central Asia to the Turkish Mediterranean port of Ceyhan).
Further reforms, including the privatisation of major industries such as energy, are planned but the government has so far moved cautiously.
In 1992, Georgia joined the IMF, which has been centrally involved in the economic reform programme, the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development as a ‘Country of Operation’. It has also acquired membership of the World Trade Organization.
 

 

Industries:

steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine

 

Exports:

Scrap metal, machinery, chemicals, fuel re-exports, citrus fruits, tea and wine.

Imports:

Fuel, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals.

• Main trade partners:

Russia, UK, Turkey, other EU, Azerbaijan, Ukraine and Armenia.

Exchange rates:

Lari (GEL) = 100 tetri. Notes are in denominations of GEL100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins are in denominations of 50, 20, 10 and 5 tetri.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/97/money/Central-Asia/Georgia.html

Daily Exchange Rates

GDP :
US$6.5 billion (2005).
 

 

 

 

Useful links:

Ministries & Organization

 

State Department for Statistics of Georgia

Web site of the Parliament of Georgia

Web site of the Ministry of Agriculture

Web site of the Ministry of Economic Development

Web site of the Ministry of Culture, Monuments Protection and Sport
http://www.mcs.gov.ge/Press Office of the President of Georgia
http://www.nsc.gov.geNational Security Council of Georgia
http://www.geopdo.org/Public Defender's Office in Georgia
http://www.mfa.gov.geMinistry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia
http://www.minenergy.gov.ge/Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Georgia
http://www.maradgeorgia.org/en/
Maritime Transport Department of Georgia
http://www.grida.no/enrin/htmls/georgia/soegeor/hp_soege.htmMinistry of Environmental Protection of Georgia
http://web.sanet.ge/mospmMinistry of State Property Management of Georgia
http://www.mfa.gov.ge/index.php?sec_id=287&lang_id=ENG
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia
http://geocities.com/kanonebi/
State of Georgia Law Library
http://gsll.georgia.gov/01/home/0,2197,2165844,00.htmlLegitimate Government, Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
http://www.georgiacustom.com/Military Prosecutor's Office of Georgia (in Georgian)
http://www.taxdep.ge/Tax Department of the Finance Ministry (in Georgian)
http://www.customs.ge/Georgian Customs Service (in Georgian)
https://www.revenue.mof.ge/ntos/Login.aspxGeneral Inspection, Ministry of Revenues (in Georgian)
http://www.cec.gov.ge/Central Election Commission of Georgia
http://www.tbilisi.gov.ge/Official Site of Tbilisi
http://www.un.int/georgia/Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations

 

 

Tbilisi Business Service Center

Georgian Stock Exchange

Georgian Business

Georgian Export Promotion Agency (GEPA)

National Bank of Georgia

Online Business Catalogue

http://ww.cerma.geCenter for Enterprise Restructuring and Management Assistance
http://www.georgiaenterprises.com/  -  Catalogue of Georgian Products and Services
http://www.investingeorgia.org/  -  Georgian Export Promotion Agency
http://www.euce.gatech.edu/research/competitiveness-innovation-smes  -  Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Development Agency
http://www.abco.caucasus.net/  -  Association of Business Consulting Organizations of Georgia
http://www.tbcbank.com.geTBC Bank
http://www.galtandtaggart.geInvestment Bank "Galt and Taggart"
http://www.railway.geGeorgian Railway
http://www.airnav.com.geState Enterprise "Sakaeronavigatsia"
http://www.tam.geTbilisi Aerospace Manifacturing "Tbilaviamsheni"
http://www.geocell.com.geMobil Telecommunication Operator "Geocell" (company)
http://www.potiport.comPort of Poti
http://www.telecom.geTelecom Georgia

 

  • Trade Fairs
  • Others

Travel

http://www.caucasustravel.com.ge Caucasus Travel
http://www.travelclub.ge/Travel Club Georgia
http://www.contact.ge/Travel Agency
http://www.georgia.org/GeorgiaIndustries/Tourism/Pages/default.aspx  -  Tourism Information About Georgia
http://www.british-house.ge/Hotel British House
http://www.argo.com.ge/Hotel Argo
http://www.villaberika.com.ge/  -  Hotel Villa Berika
http://www.hoteloldtbilisi.ge/  -  Hotel Old Tbilisi
http://www.marriott.com/dpp/PropertyPage.asp?MarshaCode=TBSMCMarriott Tbilisi
http://www.primavera.geHotel Primavera
http://www.atspecialfares.com/  -  Special Fares Travel Agency with best fares to Georgia
http://www.lonelyplanet.comLonely Planet's Travel Guide to Georgia
Education and Science

http://www.tsu.edu.ge/Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University
http://www.hepi.edu.ge/    -  Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University
http://www.hepi.edu.ge/  -  Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University
http://www.tsmu.edu/  -  Tbilisi State Medical University
http://www.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php?sec_id=1&lang_id=ENG  -  Tbilisi State University of Language and Culture
http://www.csb.geCaucasus School of Business
http://www.tiaa.edu.ge/Tbilisi Institute of African and Asia
http://www.heritage.org/  -  Georgian Cultural Heritage Information Center
http://www.tech.org.ge/Georgian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information
http://www.gipa.geGeorgian Institute of Public Affairs
http://www.ips.geInstitute for Public Studies
http://www.gaacademy.org/  -  Georgian Academy of Sciences
http://www.itdc.ge/Information Technologies Development Center
http://www.wiw.ge/  -  Institute of Asia and Africa
 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002