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Map of Gambia
Persian / English

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia
conventional short form: The Gambia

 

Capital:

Banjul. Population: 38,828 (2003).
 

Location:

Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

 

Area:

11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles).

 

Description:
The Gambia is situated on West Africa's Atlantic coast. The country consists of a thin ribbon of land, at no point wider than 50km (30 miles), running east-west on both banks of the River Gambia. The Gambia is bordered to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and on all other sides by Senegal. It is the smallest and westernmost mainland African nation. The country mainly consists of a low plateau, which decreases in height as it nears the Atlantic coast. The plain is bisected by the river and is broken in a few places by low flat-topped hills and by the river's tributaries. In the west of the country, near the coast, the river banks are backed mainly by mangrove swamps, while in the inland area which extends from central Gambia to the eastern border the river has steep red ironstone banks covered with tropical forest. Away from the river, the landscape consists of wooded, park-like savannah, with large areas covered by a variety of trees such as baobab, silk-cotton, mahogany and oil palm. On the coast, the river meets the Atlantic with impressive sand cliffs and 50km (30 miles) of beaches, the best of which are broad, palm-fringed and strewn with shells.

 

Population:

1.6 million (2006 estimate).
 

Languages:

The official language is English. The most widely spoken local languages are Fula, Jola, Mandinka, Manjago, Serahule, Serer and Wolof.
 

 

Economy - overview:

The economy of The Gambia is basically agricultural, with groundnuts (nuts, oil and cattle cake) accounting for 50% of total exports. Forestry and fishing are also important. Rice is one of the main staples; some is homegrown but most is imported.
There are no viable mineral deposits although surveys have located some oil deposits. The small industrial sector is dominated by agro-industrial activities. Tourism, a significant generator of foreign exchange, is growing, as is the construction industry.
Government economic strategy aims both to stimulate agricultural productivity and position The Gambia as a regional hub for trade, finance and telecommunications. Over the last decade, substantial infrastructural progress has been made.
Overall, the economy has performed fairly well, achieving annual growth since 2000, with 5.5% growth in 2005, but The Gambia has external debts of US$629 million (2003 estimate) and remains heavily dependent on international aid.

Economy:

The economy of The Gambia is basically agricultural, with groundnuts (nuts, oil and cattle cake) accounting for 50% of total exports. Forestry and fishing are also important. Rice is one of the main staples; some is homegrown but most is imported.
There are no viable mineral deposits although surveys have located some oil deposits. The small industrial sector is dominated by agro-industrial activities. Tourism, a significant generator of foreign exchange, is growing, as is the construction industry.
Government economic strategy aims both to stimulate agricultural productivity and position The Gambia as a regional hub for trade, finance and telecommunications. Over the last decade, substantial infrastructural progress has been made.
Overall, the economy has performed fairly well, achieving annual growth since 2000, with 5.5% growth in 2005, but The Gambia has external debts of US$629 million (2003 estimate) and remains heavily dependent on international aid.

 

 

Exports:
Peanut products, fish, cotton, palm products and re-exports.

Imports:
Food, fuel, machinery and transport equipment.
Main trade partners: India, China, UK and Senegal.

Exchange rates:
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/96/business/Africa/Gambia.html

GDP :
US$3 billion (2005 estimate).
 

 

 

 

Useful links:

  • Ministries & Organization
 

 

 

  • Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce
 

 

 

 

 

  • Trade Fairs

 

 

 

  • Others

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002