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  فارسی  /French /English

 

 

 

 

Country name:

conventional long form: Gabonese Republic
conventional short form: Gabon
local long form: Republique Gabonaise
local short form: Gabon

 

Capital:

Libreville. Population: 673,995 (2005).
 

 

Location:

West Coast of Central Africa

 

Area:

267,667 sq km (103,347 sq miles).

 

Population:

1.4 million (UN estimate 2005).
 

 

Description:
Gabon is bordered to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the north by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon, and to the east and south by the Congo. The 800km- (500-mile-) long sandy coastal strip is a series of palm-fringed bays, lagoons and estuaries. The lush tropical vegetation (which covers about 82% of the interior) gives way in parts to the savannah. There are many rivers and they remain the main communication routes along which settlements have grown. Of the 40 or so Bantu tribes, the largest are the Fang, Eshira, Mbele and Okande. Only a small percentage of native Gabonese live in the towns, as the population is concentrated in the coastal areas and the villages along the banks of the many rivers, following a more traditional rural style of life.
 

Map of Gabon

Languages:

The official language is French. The principal African language is Fang. Eshira is spoken by a tenth of the population. Bantu dialects spoken include Bapounou, Miene and Bateke.

 

Economy - overview:

Oil reserves and mineral deposits have allowed Gabon to develop into one of Africa’s more successful economies. At US$5,900, Gabon has one of the highest per capita incomes on the African continent.

One-third of GDP comes from the oil industry; there are also significant mining operations producing manganese and uranium. There are confirmed deposits of iron ore (which are substantial) and also a number of rare metal ores.

There is a small manufacturing base engaged in oil refining and the production of plywood, paints, varnishes and detergents, dry batteries, cement, cigarettes and textiles. Future industrial growth in this sector is likely to be limited by a shortage of skilled labour, high costs and inadequate infrastructure.

Meanwhile, agriculture remains important, as it still employs two-thirds of the working population. Gabon produces coffee, sugar cane, rubber and some other cash crops – also cassava and maize for domestic consumption.

Both the timber and fishing industries, while making strong contributions to the national economy, may be the subject of future expansion as export earners, although timber production is likely to be limited by environmental concerns. Like all primary producers, Gabon remains vulnerable to fluctuations in commodity prices.

Gabon is a member of the Central African Customs and Economic Union (CEEAC) and of the CFA Franc Zone.

Economy:

Oil reserves and mineral deposits have allowed Gabon to develop into one of Africa’s more successful economies. At US$5,900, Gabon has one of the highest per capita incomes on the African continent.

One-third of GDP comes from the oil industry; there are also significant mining operations producing manganese and uranium. There are confirmed deposits of iron ore (which are substantial) and also a number of rare metal ores.

There is a small manufacturing base engaged in oil refining and the production of plywood, paints, varnishes and detergents, dry batteries, cement, cigarettes and textiles. Future industrial growth in this sector is likely to be limited by a shortage of skilled labour, high costs and inadequate infrastructure.

Meanwhile, agriculture remains important, as it still employs two-thirds of the working population. Gabon produces coffee, sugar cane, rubber and some other cash crops – also cassava and maize for domestic consumption.

Both the timber and fishing industries, while making strong contributions to the national economy, may be the subject of future expansion as export earners, although timber production is likely to be limited by environmental concerns. Like all primary producers, Gabon remains vulnerable to fluctuations in commodity prices.

Gabon is a member of the Central African Customs and Economic Union (CEEAC) and of the CFA Franc Zone.
 

Exports:

Crude oil, timber, manganese and uranium.
• Main trade partners
Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, UK and USA.

Imports:
Machines and equipment, food, chemicals and construction materials.

Exchange rates:
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/95/business/Africa/Gabon.html

GDP :
US$8.3 billion (2005).

 

Useful links:

  • Ministries & Organization
 

 

 

  • Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce
 

 

 

 

 

  • Trade Fairs

 

 

 

  • Others

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002