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Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
local short form: Cote d'Ivoire
former: Ivory Coast
 

Capital:
Yamoussoukro (administrative and political capital since 1983). Population: 110,000 (2005). Abidjan (economic capital). Population: 3 million (2005).

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
 

Description:

Côte d’Ivoire shares borders with Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana. There are 600km (370 miles) of coast on the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean). The southern and western parts of the country are forested, with undulating countryside rising to meet the savannah plains of the north and the mountainous western border. Three rivers, the Sassandra, the Bandama and the Comoé, run directly north–south and, on their approach to the coast, flow into a series of lagoons. Birdlife is plentiful throughout the country, but particularly so near the coast.

Area:
322,462 sq km (124,503 sq miles).

 

Map of Cote d'Ivoire

Population:
17.1 million (2005).


Languages:
The official language is French. The main African languages are Yacouba, Senoufo, Baoulé, Betie, Attie, Agni and Dioula (the market language).

Climate:

Dry from December to April, long rains from May to July, a short dry season from August to September, short rains in October and November. In the north the climate is more extreme – rains (May to October) and dry (November to April).

Economy - overview:

The timber industry in Côte d’Ivoire has declined from previous levels due to excessive exploitation, although the government has now limited production in order to protect the remaining forests. A light industrial sector has grown up processing primary agricultural products and produces textiles, chemicals and sugar – again, these are aimed towards export markets.
Newly discovered offshore oil and gas deposits will boost the country’s industrial sector as well as meeting future energy needs. Côte d’Ivoire already has an established oil refining operation which, along with cigarette manufacture, forms the main components of the country’s industrial economy. It will also reduce Côte d’Ivoire’s reliance on imported fuel to supplement the hydroelectric installations that are its main source of power.
A service sector is gradually developing, centred on tourism, financial services (exploiting the dominant role of the Abidjan stock exchange in the region) and telecommunications.
Côte d’Ivoire is one of the more prosperous economies in West Africa, although its recent progress has been undermined by severe political instability and the difficulty in meeting the standards of international donors; the economy grew by just 1% in 2004.
The country is a member of all the main regional economic organisations, including the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the various bodies associated with the CFA Franc zone.

Economy:

The timber industry in Côte d’Ivoire has declined from previous levels due to excessive exploitation, although the government has now limited production in order to protect the remaining forests. A light industrial sector has grown up processing primary agricultural products and produces textiles, chemicals and sugar – again, these are aimed towards export markets.
Newly discovered offshore oil and gas deposits will boost the country’s industrial sector as well as meeting future energy needs. Côte d’Ivoire already has an established oil refining operation which, along with cigarette manufacture, forms the main components of the country’s industrial economy. It will also reduce Côte d’Ivoire’s reliance on imported fuel to supplement the hydroelectric installations that are its main source of power.
A service sector is gradually developing, centred on tourism, financial services (exploiting the dominant role of the Abidjan stock exchange in the region) and telecommunications.
Côte d’Ivoire is one of the more prosperous economies in West Africa, although its recent progress has been undermined by severe political instability and the difficulty in meeting the standards of international donors; the economy grew by just 1% in 2004.
The country is a member of all the main regional economic organisations, including the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the various bodies associated with the CFA Franc zone.


Industries:
foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity

Exports:

Cocoa, coffee, timber, rubber, cotton, palm oil, pineapples and bananas.
• Main trade partners: USA, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Nigeria and Italy.

Imports:

Consumer goods, food and capital goods.

Exchange rates:

CFA (Communauté Financière Africaine) Franc (XOF) = 100 centimes. Notes are in denominations of XOF10,000, 5,000, 2,000, 1,000 and 500. Coins are in denominations of XOF250, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1. Côte d’Ivoire is part of the French Monetary Area. Only currency issued by the Banque des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (Bank of West African States) is valid; currency issued by the Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale (Bank of Central African States) is not. The CFA Franc is tied to the Euro.
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/67/money/Africa/Cote-d-Ivoire.html

GDP :

US$15.9 billion (2005).



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