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Country name:

conventional long form: Republic of Costa Rica
conventional short form: Costa Rica
local long form: Republica de Costa Rica
local short form: Costa Rica

 

 

Description:

Costa Rica, lying between Nicaragua and Panama, is a complete coast-to-coast segment of the Central American isthmus. Its width ranges from 119km to 282km (74 to 176 miles).
A low thin line of hills that rises between Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean in Nicaragua broadens as it enters northern Costa Rica, eventually forming the high, rugged, mountains of volcanic origin in the Pacific Northwest and the centre of Costa Rica. The southern half of the country is dominated by mountains of tectonic origin; the highest peak is Chirripó Grande, which reaches 3,820m (12,530ft). More than half the population live on the Meseta Central, a plateau with an equitable climate. It is the setting for the country's capital, San José. There are lowlands on both coastlines, mainly swampy on the Caribbean coast, with savannah and dry forest on the Pacific Northwest merging into mangrove and rainforest southward. Rivers cut through the mountains, flowing down to both the Caribbean and the Pacific.
 

 

Capital:

San José. Population: 346,799 (official estimate 2006) (Province of San José: 1.4 million).
 

 

Location:

Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama

 

Area:

51,100 sq km (19,730 sq miles).
 

Map of Costa-Rica

Population:

4.1 million

 

Languages:

Spanish is the official language. English is widely spoken. Some French, German and Italian is also spoken

 

 

Climate:

In the Central Valley, where the main centres of population are located, the average temperature is 22°C (72°F) and the region enjoys a spring-like climate year round. In the coastal areas, the temperature is much hotter and humid, while the Pacific Northwest can be extremely hot and dry. The rainy season starts in May and finishes in November, although there are distinct regional variations. The ‘warm' dry season is December to May, though temperature differences between summer and winter are slight.

 

 

Economy - overview:

Electronics represent 27% of Costa Rica's export revenues while 22% of export earnings are derived from agriculture (most importantly coffee, bananas and meat, but also melons, pineapple, sugar and cocoa). Staple crops are also grown for domestic consumption. Manufacturing industry consists of food processing, micro-processors and electronics, textiles, chemicals and plastics and is steadily expanding with government encouragement.
New industries include aluminium production, following the discovery of a large bauxite deposit. Oil imports and hydroelectricity meet the bulk of the country's energy needs. Tourism dominates the service sector and is the most important source of foreign exchange earnings.
Annual growth in 2006 was 7.9%, with inflation at 12.1% and unemployment 6.6%. Costa Rica receives some international aid through international bodies, such as the IMF and the Inter-American Development Bank, and from the USA, which is Costa Rica's main trade partner. Costa Rica is also a member of the Central American Common Market and awaits ratification of membership in the US Central American Free Trade Agreement.

Economy:

Electronics represent 27% of Costa Rica's export revenues while 22% of export earnings are derived from agriculture (most importantly coffee, bananas and meat, but also melons, pineapple, sugar and cocoa). Staple crops are also grown for domestic consumption. Manufacturing industry consists of food processing, micro-processors and electronics, textiles, chemicals and plastics and is steadily expanding with government encouragement.
New industries include aluminium production, following the discovery of a large bauxite deposit. Oil imports and hydroelectricity meet the bulk of the country's energy needs. Tourism dominates the service sector and is the most important source of foreign exchange earnings.
Annual growth in 2006 was 7.9%, with inflation at 12.1% and unemployment 6.6%. Costa Rica receives some international aid through international bodies, such as the IMF and the Inter-American Development Bank, and from the USA, which is Costa Rica's main trade partner. Costa Rica is also a member of the Central American Common Market and awaits ratification of membership in the US Central American Free Trade Agreement.

 

 

Industries:

microprocessors, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products

 

Exports:

Fruits and vegetables, coffee and electronic components.

Imports:
 

 Petroleum products, chemical products and alcoholic beverages.
• Main trade partners: USA, China, EU and Central America.

Exchange rates:
http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/66/climate/Central-America/Costa-Rica.html

GDP :
US$21.4 billion (2006).

 

 

 

Useful links:

 

 

 

 

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