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map of Afghanistan

 Persian  / English

 

Country name:

conventional long form: Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan
conventional short form: Afghanistan
local long form: Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan

 

Capital:

 Kabul

 

Location:

Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

 

Area:

total: 652,230 sq km country comparison to the world: 48

land: 652,230 sq km

water: 0 sq km
 

 

Population:

28.396 million (July 2009 est.)

 

 

Languages:

Pashtu (official) 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
 

Economy- Overview:

Afghanistan is one of the world's poorest countries. Many years of war and political instability have left the country in ruins, and dependent on foreign aid. The main source of income in the country is agriculture, and during its good years, Afghanistan produces enough food and food products to provide for the people, as well as to create a surplus for export. The major food crops produced are: corn, rice, barley, wheat, vegetables, fruits and nuts.
In Afghanistan, industry is also based on agriculture, and pastoral raw materials. Source:
The major industrial crops are: cotton, tobacco, madder, castor beans, and sugar beets. Sheep farming is also extremely valuable. The major sheep product exports are wool, and highly prized Karakul skins. Afghanistan is a land that is rich in natural resources. There are numerous mineral and precious stone deposits, as well as natural gas and yet untapped petroleum stores. Some of these resources have been exploited, while others have remained relatively unexploited. Source:
 

Economy :

 

Afghanistan is one of the world's poorest countries. Many years of war and political instability have left the country in ruins, and dependent on foreign aid. The main source of income in the country is agriculture, and during its good years, Afghanistan produces enough food and food products to provide for the people, as well as to create a surplus for export. The major food crops produced are: corn, rice, barley, wheat, vegetables, fruits and nuts.
In Afghanistan, industry is also based on agriculture, and pastoral raw materials. Source:
The major industrial crops are: cotton, tobacco, madder, castor beans, and sugar beets. Sheep farming is also extremely valuable. The major sheep product exports are wool, and highly prized Karakul skins. Afghanistan is a land that is rich in natural resources. There are numerous mineral and precious stone deposits, as well as natural gas and yet untapped petroleum stores. Some of these resources have been exploited, while others have remained relatively unexploited. Source:

 

Industries:

small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

 

Exports - commodities:

opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems India 21.1%, Pakistan 20.1%, US 18.8%, Netherlands 7.9%, Tajikistan 6.7% (2008) $327 million (2007)
 

 

Imports - commodities:

capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products Pakistan 35.8%, US 9.2%, Germany 7.5%, India 4.8% (2008)
 

 

Exchange rates:

afghanis (AFA) per US dollar - 50 (2007), 46 (2006), 47.7 (2005), 48 (2004), 49 (2003)

 

GDP :
$22.27 billion (2008 est.) country comparison to the world: 115 $21.53 billion (2007 est.) $19.21 billion (2006 est.) note: data are in 2008 US dollars
 

 

 

Useful links:

  • Ministries & Organization

 

 

  • Trade Associations & Chamber of Commerce
  • Afghanistan
  • Afghan Chamber of Commerce
    It is the official website of Afghan Chamber of Commerce that's mission to attract, develop, retain and support Afghan and international businesses in Afghanistan.

  • AfghanBusiness.com - in English.

  • Afghanistan Business Listing
    There is a business list prepared for Afghanian businesses that makes available to operate import/export operations via offering business networking.

  • Afghanbusiness.com
    It is available to find out Afghanistan business yellow pages, including Afghan businesses throughout the world in import/export, service and merchandise.

  • Takoor Group (Pvt) Co. Ltd.
    This company operates import and export of goods to and from Afghanistan throughout the world. Besides, it enables to serve in management, business activities, branches and departments.

  • AdmiNet - Afghanistan
    It represents a wide range of database related to Afghanistan basically aiming to provide assistance to the potential investors.

  • Trade Fairs

  • Others

 

 

  Copyright By :  Kish Trade Promotion Center  2002